Alaska Fisheries Sonar
Sonar Technology Tools
Alaska Department of Fish and Game sonar tools
Alaska has been a pioneer in the use of sonar to detect fish in rivers. And in the more than 40 years that ADF&G has used sonar in rivers, its tools and methods have progressed to provide increasingly more detailed information about sonar-detected fish.
Today ADF&G uses three types of sonar technology—Bendix sonar, split-beam sonar and imaging sonar (DIDSON and ARIS). Today we rely almost entirely on imaging sonar. Out of 15 ADF&G sonar sites, 12 sites use imaging sonar exclusively, one site uses Bendix sonar exclusively, while two sites use a combination of split-beam and imaging sonar.
|Bendix Sonar||Split-Beam||Imaging Sonar|
Bendix sonar is the first and longest running sonar technology to count fish in Alaska rivers. ADF&G has retired Bendix at all but its Crescent River sonar site, where it counts sockeye.
ADF&G uses split-beam at two Yukon River sonar sites. These sites require long-distance fish detection, a task split-beam sonar excels at.
DIDSON was developed for military underwater mine and diver detection. DIDSON and ARIS (the latest generation of DIDSON technology) have advanced sonar fish detection considerably.
|Detection method||Counts echoes||Produces fish traces||Produces high-resolution fish video|
|Max distance of fish detection||~30 meters||~300 meters||~40 meters|
|Determines fish travel direction||No||Yes||Yes|
|Can be used to calculate fish length||No||No||Yes|
|Identifies Fish Species||No||No||No|
How sonar technology works
The basics of how sonar finds fish in a river are simple. First a sonar transducer submerged in the river emits a beam of sound waves into the water. When the sound waves encounter an object with a density different than water, such as a fish’s swim bladder, some of the sound waves bounce back to the transducer as echoes. The transducer detects these echoes and fisheries biologists then analyze transducer data to provide information about fish in the river.