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Marine Mammals Program Publications
Scientific Publications

If you would like to receive a reprint of any scientific publication based on research conducted by the ADF&G Marine Mammal staff please contact us.

Our publications can be viewed from all years, or those in press, or you may choose a specific year from the following (most web browsers support the ability to search a list of publications by pressing Ctrl-F):


In Press

  • Citta, J. J., L. T. Quakenbush, S. R. Okkonen, M. L. Drukenmiller, W. Maslowski, J. Clement-Kinney, C. J. Ashjian, J. C. George, H. Brower, R. J. Small, L. A. Harwood., and M. P. Heide-Jørgensen. In press. Biological characteristics of core use areas by western Arctic bowhead whales, 2006–2012. Progress in Oceanography.
  • Howe, M., M. Castellote, C. Garner, P. McKee, R. J. Small, and R. Hobbs. In press. Beluga (Delphinapterus leucas) Ethogram: A Tool for Cook Inlet Beluga Conservation? Marine Fisheries Review.
  • Quakenbush, L. T., R. S. Suydam, A. L. Bryan, L. F. Lowry, K. J. Frost, and B. A. Mahoney. In press. Diet of beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) in Alaska from stomach contents, March– November. Marine Fisheries Review.

2014

  • Blundell, G. M., A. A. Hoover-Miller, C. A. Schmale, R. K. Berngartt, and S. A. Karpovich. 2014. Efficacy of subcutaneous VHF implants and remote telemetry monitoring to assess survival rates in harbor seals. Journal of Mammalogy 95(4):707–721.
  • Castellote, M., T. A. Mooney, L. T. Quakenbush, R. Hobbs, C. Goertz, and E. Gaglione. 2014. Baseline hearing abilities and variability in wild beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas). Journal of Experimental Biology 217(10):1682–1691.
  • Citta, J. J., J. J. Burns, L. T. Quakenbush, V. Vanek, J. C. George, R. J. Small, M. P. Heide-Jorgensen, and H. Brower. 2014. Interactions of bowhead whales and winter pot fisheries in the Bering Sea. Marine Mammal Science 30:445-459. DOI: 10.1111/mms.12047.
  • Correa, L., L. D. Rea, R. Bentzen, and T. M. O’Hara. 2014. Assessment of mercury and selenium tissular concentrations and total mercury body burden in 6 Steller sea lion pups from the Aleutian Islands. Marine Pollution Bulletin 82(1-2): 1–2.
  • Hoopes, L. A., L. D. Rea, A. M. Christ, and G. A. J. Worthy. 2014. No Evidence of Metabolic Depression in Western Alaska Juvenile Steller Sea Lions (Eumetopias jubatus). PLoS One 9(1):e85339. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0085339.
  • Jones, J., B. J. Thayre, E. H. Roth, M. Mahoney, K. A. Merculief, C. Jackson, C. Zeller, M. Clare, A. Bacon, S. Weaver, Z. Gentes, R. J. Small, I. Stirling, S. Wiggins, and J. A. Hildebrand. 2014. Ringed, bearded, and ribbon seal vocalizations and seasonal presence north of Barrow, Alaska. Arctic 67(2) 203–222.
  • Lander, M. E., B. S. Fadely, T. S. Gelatt, L. D. Rea, and T. R. Loughlin. 2014. Serum chemistry reference ranges for Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) pups from Alaska: Stock differentiation and comparisons within a North Pacific sentinel species. EcoHealth. Online first doi: 10.1007/s10393-013-0891-x.
  • Womble, J. N., G. M. Blundell, S. M. Gende, M. Horning, M. F. Sigler, and D. J. Csepp. 2014. Linking marine predator diving behavior to local prey fields in contrasting habitats in a subarctic glacial fjord. Marine Biology 161(6):1361–1374

2013

  • Christman, C. L., J. J. Citta, L. T. Quakenbush, J. T. Clarke, B. K. Rone, R. A. Shea, M. C. Ferguson, et al. 2013. Presence and behavior of bowhead whales (Balaena mysticetus) in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea in July 2011. Polar Biology doi:36(12):1851–1856.
  • Citta, J. J., L. T. Quakenbush, and B. D. Taras. 2013. Estimation of calf:cow ratios of Pacific walruses for use in population modeling and monitoring. Marine Mammal Science, 30(1):20–43. doi:10.1111/mms.12013.
  • Citta, J. J., R. S. Suydam, L. T. Quakenbush, K. J. Frost, and G. M. O’ Corry-Crowe. 2013. Dive Behavior of Eastern Chukchi Beluga Whales (Delphinapterus leucas), 1998–2008. Arctic Vol. 66, No. 4 P. 389–406.
  • Geiger, G. L., S. Atkinson, J. N. Waite, G. M. Blundell, J. R. Carpenter, and K. Wynne. 2013. A new method to evaluate the nutritional composition of marine mammal diets from scats applied to harbor seals in the Gulf of Alaska. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 449(2013)118–128.
  • Jemison, L. A., G. W. Pendleton, L. W. Fritz, K. K. Hastings, J. M. Maniscalco, A. W. Trites, and T. S. Gelatt. 2013. Inter-Population Movements of Steller Sea Lions in Alaska with Implications for Population Separation. PLoS ONE 8(8): e70167. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0070167.
  • Lammers, M. O., M. Castellote, R. J. Small, S. Atkinson, J. J. Jenniges, A. Rosinski, S. Moore, C. Garner, and W. W. L. Au. 2013. Passive acoustic monitoring of Cook Inlet beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas). Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.
  • Lander, M. E., B. S. Fadely, T. S. Gelatt, L. D. Rea, and T.R. Loughlin. 2013. Serum chemistry reference ranges for Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) pups from Alaska: Stock differentiation and comparisons within a North Pacific sentinel species. EcoHealth 10(4), 376–393.
  • Rea, L. D., J. M. Castellini, L. Correa, B. S. Fadely, and T. M. O’hara. 2013. Maternal Steller sea lion diets elevate fetal mercury concentrations in an area of population decline. Science of the Total Environment 454–455 (2013) 277–282.
  • Rea, L.D., J.M. Castellini, L. Correa, B.S. Fadely, T.M. O'Hara. 2013. Maternal Steller sea lion diets elevate fetal mercury concentrations in an area of decline. Science of the Total Environment 454-455:277–282.

2012

  • Castellini, J. M., L. D. Rea, C. L. Lieske, K. B. Beckmen, B. S. Fadely, J. M. Maniscalco, and T. M. O'Hara. 2012. Mercury concentrations in hair from neonatal and juvenile Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus): Implications based on age and region in this northern Pacific marine sentinel piscivore. Ecohealth, 2012 Sep; 9(3):267–77. DOI: 10.1007/s10393–012–0784–4.
  • Citta, J. J., L. T. Quakenbush, J. C. George, R. J. Small, M. P. Heide-Jorgensen, H. Brower, B. Adams, and L. Brower. 2012. Winter movements of bowhead whales (Balaena mysticetus) in the Bering Sea. Arctic 65(1):13-34.
  • Crawford, J.A., K.J. Frost, L.T. Quakenbush, and A. Whiting. 2012. Different habitat use strategies by subadult and adult ringed seals (Phoca hispida) in the Bering and Chukchi Seas. Polar Biology 35:241–255.
  • Hastings, K. K., R. J. Small, and G. W. Pendleton. 2012. Sex-and age-specific survival of harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) from Tugidak Island, Alaska. Journal of Mammalogy, 93(5):1368–1379. 2012. DOI: 10.1644/11–MAMM–A–291.1
  • Himes Boor, G. K., and R .J. Small. 2012. Steller sea lion spatial-use patterns derived from a Bayesian model of opportunistic observations. Marine Mammal Science, Online first, 21 MAR 2012 DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-7692.2011.00541.x
  • Norman, S. A., C. E. C. Goertz, K. A. Burek, L. T. Quakenbush, L. A. Cornick, T. Romano, T. Spoon, W. Miller, L. A. Beckett, and R. C. Hobbs. 2012. Seasonal hematology and serum chemistry of wild beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) in Bristol Bay, Alaska. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 48(1):21–32.
  • Udevitz, M. S., R. L. Taylor, J. L. Garlich-Miller, L. T. Quakenbush, and J. A. Snyder. 2012. Potential population-level effects of increased haulout-related mortality of Pacific walrus calves. Polar Biology DOI: 10.1007/s00300-012-1259-3.

2011

  • Blundell, G. M., J. N. Womble, G. W. Pendleton, J. K. Herreman, S. A. Karpovich, S. M. Gende, and M. Ben-David. 2011. Use of glacial and terrestrial habitat by harbor seals in Glacier Bay, Alaska: Costs and benefits. Marine Ecology Progress Series 429:277–290. DOI: 10.3354/meps09073.
  • Carrasco, S. E., K. A. Burek, J. L. Oaks, K. B. Beckmen, J. L. Oaks, M. A. Davis, K. N. K. Baker, and J. A. K. Mazet. 2011. Aerobic oral and rectal bacteria of free-ranging Steller sea lion pups and juveniles (Eumetopias jubatus) in Alaska. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 47(4): 807–820.
  • Crawford, J. A., K. J. Frost, L. T. Quakenbush, and A. Whiting. 2011. Different habitat use strategies by subadult and adult ringed seals (Phoca hispida) in the Bering and Chukchi seas. Polar Biology 35:241–255.
  • Hastings, K. K., L. A. Jemison, T. S. Gelatt, J. L. Laake, G. W. Pendleton, J. C. King, A. W. Trites, and K. W. Pitcher. 2011. Cohort effects and spatial variation in age-specific survival of Steller sea lions from southeastern Alaska. Ecosphere 2(10):111. DOI:10.1890/ES11-00215.1.
  • Heide-Jørgensen, M. P., K. L. Laidre, L. T. Quakenbush, and J. J. Citta. 2011. The Northwest Passage opens for bowhead whales. Biology Letters DOI:10.1098/rsbl.2011.0731.
  • Herreman, J. K., A. D. McIntosh, R. K. Dziuba, G. M. Blundell, M. Ben-David, and E. C. Greiner. 2011. Parasites of harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) in Glacier Bay and Prince William Sound, Alaska. Marine Mammal Science 27:247–253.
  • Hueffer, H., D. Holcomb, L. R. Ballweber, S. M. Gende, G. M. Blundell, and T. M. O’Hara. 2011. Serological surveillance of multiple pathogens in a declining harbor seal population in Glacier Bay National Park and a reference site. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 47:984–988.
  • Mathews, E. A., J. N. Womble, G. W. Pendleton, L. A. Jemison, J. M. Maniscalco, and G. Streveler. 2011. Population growth and colonization of Steller sea lions in the Glacier Bay region of southeastern Alaska: 1970s – 2009. Marine Mammal Science 27(4):852-880. DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-7692.2010.00455.x.

2010

  • McClenahan, S. D, K. Bok, S. V. Sosnovtsev, J. D. Neill, K. A. Burek, K. B. Beckmen, A. W. Smith, K. Y. Green, and C. H. Romero. 2010. Expression and self-assembly of virus-like particles from two genotypes of marine vesiviruses and development of an ELISA for the detection of antibodies. Veterinary Microbiology 142:184-192.
  • Moore, S. E., J. C. George, G. Sheffield, J. Bacon, and C. J. Ashjian. 2010. Bowhead whale distribution and feeding near Barrow, Alaska, in late summer 2005-06. Arctic 63(2):195-205.
  • Quakenbush, L. T., J. J. Citta, J. C. George, R. J. Small, M. P. Heidi-Jorgensen. 2010. Fall and winter movements of bowhead whales (Balaena mysticetus) in the Chukchi Sea and within a potential petroleum development area. Arctic 63(3):289-307.
  • Womble, J. N., G. W. Pendleton, E. A. Mathews, G. M. Blundell, N. M. Bool, and S. M. Gende. 2010. Harbor seal (Phoca vitulina richardii) decline continues in the rapidly changing landscape of Glacier Bay National Park, Alaska, 1992–2008. Marine Mammal Science 26:686-697.

2009

  • Cooper, M. H., S. M. Budge, A. M. Springer, and G. Sheffield. 2009. Resource partitioning by sympatric pagophilic seals in Alaska: Monitoring effects of climate variation with fatty acids. Polar Biology 32(8):1137–1145.
  • Hastings, K. K., T. S. Gelatt, and J. C. King. 2009. Postbranding Survival of Steller sea lion pups at Lowrie Island in Southeast Alaska. Journal of Wildlife Management 73(7):1040-1051. DOI: 10.2193/2007-208.
  • Herreman, J. K., G. M. Blundell, D. B. McDonald, and M. Ben-David. 2009. Asymmetrical male-mediated gene flow between harbor seal (Phoca vitulina) populations in Alaska. Canadian Journal of Zoology 87:498-507.
  • Herreman, J. K., G. M. Blundell, and M. Ben-David. 2009. Evidence of bottom-up control of diet driven by top-down processes in a declining harbor seal Phoca vitulina richardsi population. Marine Ecology Progress Series 374: 287-300.
  • Neale, J. C. C., K. R. Schmelzer, J. T. Harvey, E. A. Berg, R. J. Small, E. K. Grigg, S. G. Allen, and R. S. Tjeerdema. 2009. PCB and DDE contamination in harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) from north-central California and Bristol Bay, Alaska. Aquatic Mammals 35:1-11.
  • Noren, D. P., L. D. Rea, and T. Loughlin. 2009. A model to predict fasting capabilities and utilization of body energy stores in weaned Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) during periods of reduced prey availability. Canadian Journal of Zoology 87:852–864.
  • Quakenbush, L. T. K. B. Beckmen, and C. D. N. Brower. 2009. Rehabilitation and release of marine mammals in the United States: Concerns from Alaska. Marine Mammal Science 25(4):994–999. DOI: 10.1111/j.1748–7692.2009.00283.x.
  • Quakenbush, L. T., R. Shideler, and G. York. 2009. Radio frequency identification tags for grizzly and polar bear research. Coastal Marine Institute, Final Report, OCS Study MMS 2009–004, University of Alaska Fairbanks.
  • Quakenbush, L. T., and J. J. Citta. 2009. Trace element concentrations in bearded seals (Erignathus barbatus) near Red Dog Mine compared to other locations in Alaska. Journal of Marine Biology. DOI: 10.1155/2009/275040.
  • Raum-Suryan, K. L., L. A. Jemison, and K. W. Pitcher. 2009. Entanglement of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) in marine debris: Identifying causes and finding solutions. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 58:1487–1495.
  • Rea, L. D., M. Berman, D. A. S. Rosen, and A. W. Trites. 2009. Seasonal differences in biochemical adaptation to fasting in juvenile and subadult Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus). Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 82(3):236–247.
  • Rehberg, M. J., R. D. Andrews, D. G. Calkins, and U. G. Swain. 2009. Foraging behavior of adult female Steller sea lions during the breeding season in Southeast Alaska. Marine Mammal Science 25(3):588–604. DOI:10.1111/j.748–7692.2008.00278.x.
  • Sheffield, G., and J. M. Grebmeier. 2009. Pacific walrus (Odobenus rosmarus divergens): Differential prey digestion and diet. Marine Mammal Science 25(4):761–777.
  • Sigler, M. F., D. J. Tollit, J. J. Vollenweider, J. F. Thedinga, D. J. Csepp, J. N. Womble, M. A. Wong, M. J. Rehberg, and A. W. Trites. 2009. Steller sea lion foraging response to seasonal changes in prey availability. Marine Ecology Progress Series 388:243–261.
  • Stafford, K. M., J. J. Citta, S. E. Moore, M. A. Daher, and J. E. George. 2009. Environmental correlates of blue and fin whale call detections in the North Pacific Ocean from 1997 to 2002. Marine Ecology Progress Series 395:37–53.

2008

  • Blundell, G. M., and G. W. Pendleton. 2008. Estimating age of harbor seals (Phoca vitulina) with incisor teeth and morphometrics. Marine Mammal Science 24(3):577–590.
  • Budge, S. M., A. M. Springer, S. J. Iverson, G. Sheffield, and C. Rosa. 2008. Blubber fatty acid composition of bowhead whales, Balaena mysticetus: Implications for diet assessment and ecosystem monitoring. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 359:40–46.
  • Hastings, K. K., L. A. Hiby, and R. J. Small. 2008. Evaluation of a computer-assisted photograph-matching system to monitor naturally marked harbor seals at Tugidak Island, Alaska. Journal of Mammalogy 89(5):1201–1211.
  • Herreman, J. K., G. M. Blundell, M. Ben-David. 2008. False sex-linked microsatellite primer for Phoca vitulina. Marine Mammal Science 24(2):411-413.
  • Holmes, A., S. S. Wise, C. E. C. Goertz, J. L. Dunn, F. M. D. Gulland, T. S. Gelatt, K. B. Beckmen, K. A. Burek, S. Atkinson, M. Bozza, R. Taylor, T. Zheng, Y. Zhang, A. M. Aboueissa, and J. P. Wise Sr. 2008. Metal tissue levels in Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) pups. Marine Pollution Bulletin 56:1416–1421.
  • Kaplan, C. C., G. C. White, and B. R. Noon. 2008. Neonatal survival of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus). Marine Mammal Science 24(3):443–461.
  • McClenahan, S. D., K. A. Burek, K. B. Beckmen, N. J. Knowles, J. D. Neill, and C. H. Romero. 2008. Genomic characterization of novel marine vesiviruses from Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) from Alaska. Virus Research 138 (1–2):26–35.
  • Quakenbush, L. T., and J. J. Citta. 2008. Perfluorinated contaminants in ringed, bearded, spotted, and ribbon seals from the Alaskan Bering and Chukchi seas. Baseline/Marine Pollution Bulletin 56:1802–1814.
  • Rehberg, M. J., and J. M. Burns. 2008. Differences in diving and swimming behavior of pup and juvenile Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) in Alaska. Canadian Journal of Zoology 86: 539–553.
  • Small, R. J., P. L. Boveng, G. V. Byrd, and D. E. Withrow. 2008. Harbor seal population decline in the Aleutian Archipelago. Marine Mammal Science 24(4):845-863.
  • Stegall, V. K., S. D. Farley, L. D. Rea, K. W. Pitcher, R. O. Rye, C. L. Kester, C. A. Stricker, and C. R. Bern. 2008. Discrimination of carbon and nitrogen isotopes from milk to serum and vibrissae in Alaska Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus). Canadian Journal of Zoology 86:17–23.
  • Trites, A. W., and D. G. Calkins. 2008. Diets of mature male and female Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) differ and cannot be used as proxies for each other. Aquatic Mammals 34(1)25–34.

2007

  • Beck, C. A., L. D. Rea, S. J. Iverson, J. M. Kennish, K. W. Pitcher, and B. S. Fadely. 2007. Blubber fatty acid profiles reveal regional, seasonal, age-class and sex differences in the diet of young Steller sea lions in Alaska. Marine Ecology Progress Series 338:269-280.
  • Blundell, G .M., S. M. Gende, and J. M. Womble. 2007. Harbor seal research in Glacier Bay National Park, in Piatt, J.F., and Gende, S.M., eds., Proceedings of the Fourth Glacier Bay Science Symposium, October 26–28, 2004: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2007–5047, p.141–144.
  • Budge, S. M., A. M. Springer, S. J. Iverson, and G. Sheffield. 2007. Fatty acid biomarkers reveal niche separation in an Arctic benthic food web. Marine Ecology Progress Series 336:305–309.
  • Call, K. A., B. S. Fadely, A. Greig, and M. J. Rehberg. 2007. At-sea and on-shore cycles of juvenile Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) derived from satellite dive recorders: A comparison between declining and increasing populations. Deep Sea Research II. 54:298–310.
  • Dehn, L. A., G. G. Sheffield, E. H. Follmann, L. K. Duffy, D. L. Thomas, and T. M. O'Hara. 2007. Feeding ecology of phocid seals and some walruses in the Alaskan and Canadian Arctic as determined by stomach contents and stable isotope analysis. Polar Biology 30(2):167–181.
  • Frid, A., L. M. Dill, R. E. Thorne, and G. M. Blundell. 2007. Inferring prey perception of relative danger in large-scale marine systems. Evolutionary Ecology Research 9:635–649.
  • Huebinger, R. M., E. E. Jr. Louis, T. S. Gelatt, L. D. Rea, and J. W. Bickham. 2007. Characterization of eight microsatellite loci in Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus). Molecular Ecology Notes 7:1097–1099.
  • King J. C., T. S. Gelatt, G. W. Pendleton, and K. W. Pitcher. 2007. A field-based method for estimating age in free-ranging juvenile Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus). Marine Mammal Science 23(2):262–271.
  • Knoche, M. J., A. N. Powell, L. T. Quakenbush, M. J. Wooller, and L. M. Phillips. 2007. Further evidence for site fidelity to wing molt locations by king Eiders: integrating stable isotope analyses and satellite telemetry. Waterbirds 30:52–57.
  • Lowry, L., G. M. O'Corry-Crowe, and D. Goodman. 2006. Delphinapterus leucas (Cook Inlet population). In IUCN 2006: 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
  • Neale, J. C. C., R. J. Small, K. R. Schmelzer, and R. S. Tjeerdema. 2007. Blood concentrations of some persistent organohalogens in free-ranging spotted seals (Phoca largha) from Bristol Bay, Alaska. Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A, 70:1776–1778.
  • Pitcher, K. W., P. Olesiuk, R. Brown, M. Lowry, S. Jeffries, J. Sease, W. Perryman, C. Stinchcomb, and L. Lowry. 2007. Abundance and distribution of the eastern North Pacific Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) population. Fishery Bulletin 107:102–115.
  • Quakenbush, L. T. 2007. Polybrominated diphenyl ether compounds in ringed, bearded, spotted, and ribbon seals from the Alaska Bering Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin 54:226–246.
  • Rea, L. D., D. Rosen, and A. W. Trites. 2007. Utilization of stored energy reserves during fasting varies by age and season in Steller sea lions. Canadian Journal of Zoology 85:190–200.
  • Trites, A. W., D. G. Calkins, and A. J. Winship. 2007. Diets of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) in Southeast Alaska, 1993 to 1999. Fishery Bulletin 105:234–248.
  • Wade, P. R., L. G. Barrett-Lennard, N. A. Black, V. N. Burkanov, A. M. Burdin, J. Calambokidis, S. Cerchio, M. E. Dahlheim, J. K. B. Ford, N. A. Friday, L. W. Fritz, J. K. Jacobsen, T. R. Loughlin, C. O. Matkin, D. R. Matkin, S. C. McCluskey, A. V. Mehta, S. A. Mizroch, M. M. Muto, D. W. Rice, R. J. Small, J. M. Straley, G. R. VanBlaricom, and P. J. Clapham. 2007. Killer whales and marine mammal trends in the North Pacific: A re-examination of evidence for sequential megafauna collapse and the prey-switching hypothesis. Marine Mammal Science 23:766–802.
  • Womble, J. N., Gende, S. M., and Blundell, G. M. 2007. Dive behavior of a harbor seal (Phoca vitulina richardii) in the presence of transient killer whales (Orcinus orca) in Glacier Bay National Park, Alaska. Marine Mammal Science 23(1)203–208.

2006

  • Blundell, G. M., S. M. Gende, J .N Womble. 2006. Preliminary analysis of movements of harbor seals in Glacier Bay National Park. In: Piatt, J. F. and Gende, S. M. (eds.) Proceedings of the 4th Glacier Bay Science Symposium, U.S. Geological Survey, Scientific Investigation Report.
  • Bowen, L., B. Aldridge, K. B. Beckmen, T. S. Gelatt, L. D. Rea, K. A. Burek, K. W. Pitcher, and J. L. Stott. 2006. Differential expression of immune response genes in Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus): an indicator of ecosystem health? EcoHealth 3(2):109–113.
  • Bracht, A. J., R. L. Brudek, R. Y. Ewing, C. A. Manire, K. A. Burek, C. Rosa, K. B. Beckmen, J. E. Maruniak, and C. H. Romero. 2006. Genetic identification of novel poxviruses of cetaceans and pinnipeds. Archives of Virology 151(3):423–438.
  • Cooper, L. W., L. A. Codispoti, V. Kelly, G. G. Sheffield, and J. M. Grebmeier. 2006. The potential for using Little Diomede Island as a platform for observing environmental conditions in Bering Strait. Arctic 59(2):129–141.
  • DeMaster, D. P., A. W. Trites, P. Clapham, S. Mizroch, P. Wade, R. J. Small, and J. Ver Hoef. 2006. The sequential megafaunal collapse hypothesis: testing with existing data. Progress in Oceanography 68:329–342.
  • Dehn, L. A., E. H. Follmann, D. L. Thomas, G. G. Sheffield, C. Rosa, L. K. Duffy, and T. M. O'Hara. 2006. Trophic relationships in an Arctic food web and implications for trace metal transfer. Science of the Total Environment 326:103–123.
  • Frid, A., L. M. Dill, R. E. Thorne, and G. M. Blundell. 2006. Inferring prey perception of relative danger in large-scale marine systems. Evolutionary Ecology Research 9:635–649.
  • Frost, K. J., M. A. Simpkins, R. J. Small, and L. F. Lowry. 2006. Development of diving by harbor seal pups in two regions of Alaska: use of the water column. Marine Mammal Science 22(3):617–643.
  • Garlich-Miller, J. L., L. T. Quakenbush, and J. F. Bromaghin. 2006. Trends in age structure and productivity of Pacific Walruses harvested in Bering Strait region of Alaska, 1952-2002. Marine Mammal Science 22:880–896.
  • Jay, C. V., M. P. Heide-Jorgensen, A. S. Fischbach, M. V. Jensen, D. E. Tessler, and A. V. Jensen. 2006. Comparison of remotely deployed satellite radio transmitters on walruses. Marine Mammal Science 22(1):226–236.
  • Jemison, L. A., G. W. Pendleton, C. A. Wilson, and R. J. Small. 2006. Long-term trends in harbor seal numbers at Tugidak Island and Nanvak Bay, Alaska. Marine Mammal Science 22(2):339–360.
  • King, M., L. D. Rea, and J. M. Kennish. 2006. Chlorinated fatty acids in lipid class fractions from cardiac and skeletal muscle of Chinook salmon. Lipids. 41(12):1–8.
  • Mathews, E. A., and G. W. Pendleton. 2006. Declines in harbor seal (Phoca vitulina) numbers in Glacier Bay National Park, Alaska, 1992-2002. Marine Mammal Science 22(1):167–189.
  • Mellish, J. M., D. Calkins, D. Christen, M. Horning, L. D. Rea, and S. Atkinson. 2006. Temporary captivity as a research tool: comprehensive study of wild pinnipeds under controlled conditions. Aquatic Mammals 32(1):58–65.
  • Myers, M. J., L. D. Rea, and S. Atkinson. 2006. The effects of age, season and geographic region on thyroid hormones in Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A. 145:90–98.
  • O'Corry-Crowe, G. M., B. L. Taylor, T. S. Gelatt, T. R. Loughlin, J. Bickham, M. Basterretche, K. W. Pitcher, and D. P. DeMaster. 2006. Demographic independence along ecosystem boundaries in Steller sea lions revealed by mtDNA analysis: implications for management of an endangered species. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 84:1796–1809.
  • Pendelton, G. W., K. W. Pitcher, L. W. Fritz, A. E. York, K. L. Raum-Suryan, T. R. Loughling, D. G. Calkins, K. K. Hastings, and T. S. Gelatt. 2006. Survival of Steller sea lions in Alaska: a comparison of increasing and decreasing populations. Canadian Journal of Zoology 84:1163–1172.
  • Richmond, J. P., J. M. Burns, and L. D. Rea. 2006. Ontogeny of total body oxygen stores and aerobic dive potential in Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus). Journal of Comparative Physiology B 176:535–545.
  • Small, R. J., and DeMaster, D. P. 2006. Uncertain management or management of uncertainty: Steller sea lion - a case study. Pages 521 - 534 In Sea Lions of the World. A. W. Trites, S .K. Atkinson, D. P. DeMaster, L. W. Fritz, T. S. Gelatt, L. D. Rea, and K. M. Wynne (eds.) Alaska Sea Grant College Program, University of Alaska Fairbanks. 664 p.
  • Vos, D. J., L. T. Quakenbush, and B. A. Mahoney. 2006. Documentation of sea otters and birds as prey for killer whales. Marine Mammal Science 22:201–205.
  • Zarnke, R. L., J. T. Saliki, A. P. Macmillan, S. D. Brew, C. E. Dawson, J. M. Ver Hoef, K. J. Frost, and R. J. Small. 2006. Serological survey for Brucella spp., phocid herpesvirus-1, phocid herpesvirus-2, and phocine distemper virus in harbor seals from Alaska, 1976-1999. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 42(2):290–300.

2005

  • Burek, K. A., K. B. Beckmen, T. S. Gelatt, W. Fraser, A. J. Bracht, K. A. Smolarek, and C. H. Romero. 2005. Poxvirus infection of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) in Alaska. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 41(4):745–752.
  • Burek, K. A., F. M. D. Gulland, G. G. Sheffield, K. B. Beckmen, E. Keyes, T. R. Spraker, A. W. Smith, D. E. Skilling, J. Evermann, J. L. Stott, J. T. Saliki, and A. W. Trites. 2005. Infectious disease and the decline of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) in Alaska: Insights from serologic data. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 41(3):512–524.
  • Burns, J. M., D. P. Costa, K. L. Frost, and J. T. Harvey. 2005. Development of body oxygen stores in harbor seals: effects of age, mass, and body composition. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology 78(6):1057–1068.
  • Dehn, L. A., G. G. Sheffield, E. H. Follmann, L. K. Duffy, D. L. Thomas, G. R. Bratton, R. J. Taylor, and T. M. O'Hara. 2005. Trace elements in tissues of phocid seals harvested in the Alaskan and Canadian Arctic: influence of age and feeding ecology. Canadian Journal of Zoology 83(5):726–746.
  • Dodds, E. D., M. R. McCoy, L. D. Rea, and J. M. Kennish. 2005. Gas chromatographic quantitation of fatty acid methyl esters: Flame ionization detection versus electron impact mass spectrometry. Lipids. 40:419–428.
  • Dodds, E. D., M. R. McCoy, L. D. Rea, and J. M. Kennish. 2005. Proton transfer chemical ionization mass spectrometry of fatty acid methyl esters separated by gas chromatography: quantitative aspects. European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology 107:560–564.
  • Frost, K. J. 2005. Crosscurrents and Deep Water: Alaska's Marine Mammals. Chapter 14 in A Century of Change: the Harriman Expedition Revisited, T. S. Litwin, ed. Rutgers University Press.
  • Kaplan, C. C. 2005. Neonatal Survival of Steller Sea Lions (Eumetopias jubatus). M.Sc. Thesis. Colorado State University.
  • Koski, W. R., J. C. George, G. G. Sheffield, and M. S. Galginaitis. 2005. Subsistence harvests of bowhead whales (Balaena mysticetus) at Kaktovik, Alaska (1973-2000). The Journal of Cetacean Research and Management 7(1):33–37.
  • Pitcher, K. W., M. J. Rehberg, G. W. Pendleton, K. L. Raum-Suryan, T. S. Gelatt, U. G. Swain, U, and M. F. Sigler. 2005. Ontogeny of dive performance in pup and juvenile Steller sea lions in Alaska. Canadian Journal of Zoology 83(9):1214–1231.
  • Rehberg, M. J. 2005. Pattern matters: changes in the organization of swimming and diving behavior by Steller sea lion juveniles in Alaska. MS Thesis, University of Alaska Anchorage, Alaska, USA. 100 pp.
  • Richmond, J. P., J. M. Burns, L. D. Rea, and K. L. Mashburn. 2005. Postnatal ontogeny of erythropoietin and hematology in free-ranging Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus). General and Comparative Endocrinology 141(3):240–247.
  • Small, R. J., L. F. Lowry, J. M. Ver Hoef, K. J. Frost, R. A. DeLong, M. J. Rehberg, and J. M. Ver Hoef. 2005. Differential movements by harbor seal pups in contrasting Alaska environments. Marine Mammal Science 21(4):671–694.

2004

  • Frost, K. J., L. F. Lowry, G. W. Pendleton, and H. R. Nute. 2004. Factors affecting the observed densities of ringed seals, Phoca hispida, in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea, 1996-99. Arctic 57(2):115–128.
  • Hastings, K. K., K. J. Frost, M. A. Simpkins, G. W. Pendleton, U. G. Swain, and R. J. Small. 2004. Regional differences in diving behavior of harbor seals in the Gulf of Alaska. Canadian Journal of Zoology 82(11):1755–1773.
  • Lowry, L. F., G. G. Sheffield, and J. C. George. 2004. Bowhead whale feeding in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea, based on stomach contents analyses. The Journal of Cetacean Research and Management 6(3):215–223.
  • Maniscalco, J. M., K. Wynne, K. W. Pitcher, M. B. Hanson, S. R. Melin, and S. Atkinson. 2004. The occurrence of California sea lions (Zalophus californianus) in Alaska. Aquatic Mammals 30(3):427–433.
  • Raum-Suryan, K. L., K. W. Pitcher, R. and Lamy. 2004. Sea Otter, Enhydra lutris, sightings off Haida Gwaii Queen Charlotte Islands, British Columbia, 1972-2002. Canadian Field-Naturalist 118(2):270–272.
  • Raum-Suryan, K. L., M. J. Rehberg, G. W. Pendleton, K. W. Pitcher, and T. S. Gelatt. 2004. Development of dispersal, movement patterns, and haul-out use by pup and juvenile Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) in Alaska. Marine Mammal Science 20(4):823–850.

2003

  • Adkison, M. A., T. J. Quinn, and R. J. Small. 2003. Evaluation of the Alaska harbor seal (Phoca vitulina) population survey: a simulation study. Marine Mammal Science 19(4):764–790.
  • Boveng, P. L., J. L. Bengtson, D. E. Withrow, J. C. Cesarone, M. A. Simpkins, K. L. Frost, K. J., and J. J. Burns. 2003. The abundance of harbor seals in the Gulf of Alaska. Marine Mammal Science 19:111–127.
  • Daniel, R. G., L. A. Jemison, G. W. Pendleton, and S. M. Crowley. 2003. Molting phenology of harbor seals on Tugidak Island, Alaska. Marine Mammal Science 19(1):128–140.
  • Goldstein, T., F. M. Gulland, B. M. Aldridge, J. T. Harvey, T. Rowles, D. M. Lambourn, S. J. Jeffries, L. Meaures, P. K. Yochem, B. S. Stewart, R. J. Small, D. P. King, J. L. Stott, and J. A. Mazet. 2003. Antibodies to phocine herpesevirus-1 are common in North American harbor seals (Phoca vitulina). Journal of Wildlife Diseases 39:487–494.
  • Simpkins, M. A., L. M. Hiruki-Raring, G. G. Sheffield, J. M. Grebmeier, and J. L. Bengtson. 2003. Habitat selection by ice-associated pinnipeds near St. Lawrence Island, Alaska in March 2001. Polar Biology 26(9):577–586.
  • Small, R. J., G. W. Pendleton, and K. W. Pitcher. 2003. Trends in abundance of Alaska harbor seals, 1983-2001. Marine Mammal Science 19(2):344–362.
  • Ver Hoef, J. M., and K. J. Frost. 2003. A Bayesian hierarchical model for monitoring harbor seal changes in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Environmental and Ecological Statistics 10:201–219.

2002

  • Beckmen, K. B., L. K. Duffy, X. Zhang, and K. W. Pitcher. 2002. Mercury concentrations in the fur of Steller sea lions and northern fur seals from Alaska. Marine Pollution Bulletin 44(10):1130–1135.
  • Huntington, H. P., P. K. Brown-Schwalenberg, K. J. Frost, M. E. Fernandez-Gimenez, D. W. Norton, and D. H. Rosenberg, D. H. 2002. Observations on the Workshop as a Means of Improving Communication Between Holders of Traditional and Scientific Knowledge. Environmental Management 30:778–792.
  • Iverson, S. J., K. J. Frost, and S. Lang. 2002. Fat content and fatty acid composition of forage fish and invertebrates in Prince William Sound, Alaska: factors contributing to among and within species variability. Marine Ecological Progress Series 241:161–181.
  • O'Corry-Crowe, G. M., A. E. Dizon, R. S. Suydam, and L. F. Lowry. 2002. Molecular genetics studies of population structure and movement patterns in a migratory species: the beluga whale, Delphinapterus leucas, in the western nearctic. Pages 53-64 in Molecular and cell biology of marine mammals, C. J. Pfeiffer, ed. Krieger Publishing Co., Malabar, Florida, USA.
  • Raum-Suryan, K. L., K. W. Pitcher, D. G. Calkins, J. L. Sease, and T. R. Loughlin. 2002. Dispersal, rookery fidelity, and metapopulation structure of Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus) in an increasing and a decreasing population in Alaska. Marine Mammal Science 18(3):746–764.
  • Rea, L. D. 2002. Indices of condition in Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus). Pages 29-33 in Steller Sea Lion Decline: Is It Food II, D. DeMaster and S. Atkinson, eds. University of Alaska Sea Grant, AK-SG-02-02, Fairbanks, Alaska, USA.

2001

  • DeMaster, D. P., L. F. Lowry, K. J. Frost, and R. A. Bengtson. 2001. The effect of sea state on estimates of abundance for beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) in Norton Sound, Alaska. Fishery Bulletin 99:197–201.
  • Frost, K. J., M. A. Simpkins, and L. F. Lowry. 2001. Diving behavior of subadult and adult harbor seals in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Marine Mammal Science 17(4):813–834.
  • Jemison, L. A., and B. P. Kelly. 2001. Pupping phenology and demography of harbor seals (Phoca vitulina richardsi) on Tugidak Island, Alaska. Marine Mammal Science 17(3):585–600.
  • Lowry, L. F., K. J. Frost, J. M. Ver Hoef, and R. A. DeLong. 2001. Movements of satellite-tagged subadult and adult harbor seals in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Marine Mammal Science 17(4):835–861.
  • Pitcher, K. W., V. N. Burkanov, D. G. Calkins, B. J. Le Boeuf, E. G. Mamaev, R. L. Merrick, and G. W. Pendleton. 2001. Spatial and temporal variation in the timing of births of steller sea lions. Journal of Mammalogy 82(4):1047–1053.
  • Saeki, K., M. Nakajima, T. R. Loughlin, D. C. Calkins, N. Baba, M. Kiyota, and R. Tatsukawa. 2001. Accumulation of silver in the liver of three species of pinnipeds. Environmental Pollution 112(1):19–25.
  • Sheffield, G. G., F. H. Fay, H. Feder, and B. P. Kelly. 2001. Laboratory digestion of prey and interpretation of walrus stomach contents. Marine Mammal Science 17(2):310–330.
  • Snyder, G. M., K. W. Pitcher, W. L. Perryman, and M. S. Lynn. 2001. Counting Steller sea lion pups in Alaska: an evaluation of medium-format, color aerial photography. Marine Mammal Science 17(1):136–146.
  • Speckman, S., and G. Sheffield. 2001. First record of an anomalously white killer whale, Orcinus orca, near St. Lawrence Island, Northern Bering Sea, Alaska. Canadian Field-Naturalist 115(3):501–502.
  • Suydam, R. S., L. F. Lowry, K. J. Frost, G. M. O'Corry-Crowe, and D. Pikok. 2001. Satellite tracking of eastern Chukchi Sea beluga whales into the Arctic Ocean. Arctic 54(3):237–243.
  • Winship, A. J., A. W. Trites, and Calkins, D. G. 2001. Growth in body size of the Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus). Journal of Mammalogy 82(2):500–519.

2000

  • Lowry, L. F., V. N. Burkanov, K. J. Frost, M. A. Simpkins, R. Davis, D. P. DeMaster, R. Suydam, and A. Springer. 2000. Habitat use and habitat selection by spotted seals (Phoca largha) in the Bering Sea. Canadian Journal of Zoology 78(11):1959–1971.
  • Lowry, L. F., and K. J. Frost. 2000. Seals. Alaska Geographic 27(2):8–45.
  • Miller, E. H., K. W. Pitcher, and T. R. Loughlin. 2000. Bacular size, growth, and allometry in the largest extant otariid, the Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus). Journal of Mammalogy 81(1):134–144.
  • Pitcher, K. W., D. G. Calkins, and G. W. Pendleton. 2000. Steller sea lion body condition indices. Marine Mammal Science 16:427–436.

1999

  • Calkins, D. G., D. C. McAllister, K. W. Pitcher, and G. W. Pendleton. 1999. Steller sea lion status and trend in southeast Alaska: 1979-1997. Marine Mammal Science 15(2):462–477.
  • Frost, K. J., L. F. Lowry, and J. M. Ver Hoef. 1999. Monitoring the trend of harbor seals in Prince William Sound, Alaska, after the Exxon Valdez oil spill. Marine Mammal Science 15(2):494–506.
  • Saeki, K., M. Nakajima, K. Noda, T. R. Loughlin, N. Baba, M. Kiyota, R. Tatsukawa, and D. G. Calkins. 1999. Vanadium accumulation in pinnipeds. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 36(1):81–86.

1998

  • Bickham, J. W., T. R. Loughlin, D. G. Calkins, J. K. Wickliffe, J. C. Patton, and J. R. Bickham. 1998. Genetic variability and population decline in Steller sea lions from the Gulf of Alaska. Journal of Mammalogy 79(4):1390–1395.
  • Calkins, D. G. 1998. Prey of Steller sea lions in the Bering Sea. Biosphere Conservation 1(1):33–44.
  • Calkins, D. G., E. F. Becker, and K. W. Pitcher. 1998. Reduced body size of female Steller sea lions from a declining population in the Gulf of Alaska. Marine Mammal Science 14(2):232–244.
  • Lowry, L. F., K. J. Frost, R. Davis, D. P. DeMaster, and R. S. Suydam. 1998. Movements and behavior of satellite-tagged spotted seals (Phoca largha) in the Bering and Chukchi Seas. Polar Biology 19:221–230.
  • Pitcher, K. W.,D. G. Calkins, and G. W. Pendeleton. 1998. Reproductive performance of female Steller sea lions: An energetics-based reproductive strategy? Canadian Journal of Zoology 76(11):2075–2083.

1997

  • Iverson S. J., K. J. Frost, L. F. Lowry. 1997. Fatty acid signatures reveal fine scale structure of foraging distribution of harbor seals and their prey in Prince William Sound, Alaska. Marine Ecology Progress Series 151:255–271.
  • O'Corry-Crowe, G. M., R. S. Suydam, A. Rosenberg, K. J. Frost, A. E. and Dizon. 1997. Phylogeography, population structure and dispersal patterns of the beluga whale Delphinapterus leucas in the western Nearctic revealed by mitochondrial DNA. Molecular Ecology 6(10):955–970.
  • O'Corry-Crowe, G. M., R. S. Suydam, A. Rosenberg, K. J. Frost, and A. E. Dizon. 1997. Phylogeography, population structure and dispersal patterns of the beluga whale Delphinapterus leucas in the western Nearctic revealed by mitochondrial DNA. Molecular Ecology 6(10):955–970.
  • Sheffield, G. G. 1997. Walrus feeding: a re-examination. MS Thesis, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Alaska, USA. 55 pp.

1996

  • Heath, R. B., D. G. Calkins, D. C. McAllister, W. Taylor, and T. R. Spraker. 1996. Telazol and isoflurane field anesthesia in free-ranging Steller's sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus). Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 27(1):35–45.
  • Lee, J. S., S. Tanabe, H. Umino, R. Tatsukawa, T. R. Loughlin, and D. C. Calkins. 1996. Persistent organochlorines in Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) from the bulk of Alaska and the Bering Sea, 1976-1981. Marine Pollution Bulletin 32:7.

1995

  • Merrick, R. L., R. Brown, D. G. Calkins, , and T. R. Loughlin. 1995. A comparison of Steller sea lion, Eumetopias jubatus, pup masses between rookeries with increasing and decreasing populations. Fishery Bulletin 93(4):753–758.

1994

  • Frost, K . J., C. A. Manen, and T. L. Wade. 1994. Petroleum hydrocarbons in tissues of harbor seals from Prince William Sound and the Gulf of Alaska. Pages 331-358 in Marine Mammals and the Exxon Valdez, T. R. Loughlin, ed. Academic Press, San Diego, California, USA.
  • Frost, K. J., L. F. Lowry, E. Sinclair, J. Ver Hoef, and D. C. McAllister. 1994. Impacts on distribution, abundance and productivity of harbor seals. Pages 97-118 in Marine Mammals and the Exxon Valdez, T. R. Loughlin, ed. Academic Press, San Diego, California, USA.
  • Lowry, L. F., K. J. Frost, and K. W. Pitcher. 1994. Observations of oiling of harbor seals in Prince William Sound. Pages 209-225 in Marine Mammals and the Exxon Valdez, T. R. Loughlin, ed. Academic Press, San Diego, California, USA.
  • Spraker, T. R., L. F. Lowry, and K. J. Frost. 1994. Gross necropsy and histopathological lesions found in harbor seals. Pages 281–311 in Marine Mammals and the Exxon Valdez, T. R. Loughlin, ed. Academic Press, San Diego, California, USA.
  • Zimmerman, S. T., C. S. Gorbics, and L. F. Lowry. 1994. Response activities. Pages 23–45 in Marine Mammals and the Exxon Valdez, T. R. Loughlin, ed. Academic Press, San Diego, California, USA.

1993

  • Adams, M., K. J. Frost., and L. Harwood. 1993. Alaska and Inuvialuit Beluga Whale Committee (AIBWC) - an initiative in "at home management". Arctic 46:134–137.
  • Castellini, M. A., and Calkins, D. G. 1993. Mass estimates using body morphology in Steller sea lions. Marine Mammal Science 9(1):48–54.
  • Frost, K. J., L. F. Lowry, and G. Carroll. 1993. Beluga whale and spotted seal use of a coastal lagoon system in the northeastern Chukchi Sea. Arctic 46(1):8–16.
  • Lowry, L. F. 1993. Foods and feeding ecology. Pages 201–238 in The Bowhead Whale, J. J. Burns and J. Montague, eds. Society for Marine Mammalogy Spec. Publ. No. 2.

1992

  • Frost, K. J., R. B. Russell, and L. F. Lowry. 1992. Killer whales, Orcinus orca, in the southeastern Bering Sea: recent sightings and predation on other marine mammals. Marine Mammal Science 8(2):110–119.
  • Miles, A. K., D. G. Calkins, and N. C. Coon. 1992. Toxic elements and organochlorines in harbor seals (Phoca vitulina richardsi), Kodiak, Alaska, USA. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 48(5):727–732.

1990

  • Frost, K. J., and L. F. Lowry. 1990. Distribution, abundance, and movements of beluga whales, Dephinapterus leucas, in coastal waters of western Alaska. Pages 39-57 in Advances in research on the beluga whale, Delphinapterus leucas, T. G. Smith, D. J. St. Aubin, and J. R. Geraci, eds. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Science No. 224.
  • Pitcher, K. W. 1990. Major decline in number of harbor seals, Phoca vitulina richardsi, on Tugidak Island, Gulf of Alaska. Marine Mammal Science 6(2):121–134.

1988

  • Lowry, L. F., J. W. Testa, and W. Calvert. 1988. Notes on winter feeding of Crabeater and Leopard seals near the Antarctic peninsula. Polar Biology 8:475–478.
  • Schults, L. M. and Frost, K. J. 1988. Helminth parasites of Riboon seals, Phoca fasciata, in the Bering Sea and their immediate hosts. Proceedings of the Helminthology Society, Washington 55(1): 68–73.

1987

  • Carroll, G. M., J. C. George, L. F. Lowry, and K. O. Coyle. 1987. Bowhead whale (Balaena mysticetus) feeding near Point Barrow, Alaska, during the 1985 spring migration. Arctic 40:105–110.
  • Lowry, L. F., J. J. Burns, and R. R. Nelson. 1987. Polar bear, Ursus maritimus, predation on Belugas, Delphinapterus leucas, in the Bering and Chukchi Seas. Canadian Field-Naturalist 101(2):141–146.
  • Lowry, L. F., R. R. Nelson, and K. J. Frost. 1987. Observations of killer whales, Orcinus orca, in western Alaska: sightings, stranding, and predation on other marine mammals. Canadian Field-Naturalist 101(1):6–12.
  • Merrick, R. L., T. R. Loughlin, and D. G. Calkins. 1987. Decline in abundance of the Northern sea lion, Eumetopias jubatus, in Alaska, 1956–86. Fishery Bulletin 85(2):351–366.

1986

  • Frost, K. J., and L. F. Lowry. 1986. Sizes of walleye pollock, Theragra chalcogramma, consumed by marine mammals in the Bering Sea. Fishery Bulletin 84(1):192–197.
  • Lowry, L. F., J. J. Burns, and K. J. Frost. 1989. Recent harvests of Belukha whales, Delphinapterus leucas, in western and northern Alaska and their potential impact on provisional management stocks. Report of the International Whaling Commission 39:335–339.
  • Pitcher, K. W. 1986. Variation in blubber thickness of harbor seals in southern Alaska. Journal of Wildlife Management 50(3):463–466.

1985

  • Frost, K. J., L. F. Lowry, and R. R. Nelson. 1985. Radiotagging studies of Belukha whales (Delphinapterus Leucas) in Bristol Bay, Alaska. Marine Mammal Science 1(3):191–202.
  • Lowry, L. F., and K. J. Frost. 1985. Biological interactions between marine mammals and commercial fisheries in the Bering Sea. Pages 41–61 in Marine Mammals and Fisheries, J. R. Beddington, R. J. H. Beverton and D. Lavigne, eds. George Allen and Unwin, London.

1984

  • Bukhtiyarov, Y. A., K. J. Frost, and L. F. Lowry. 1984. New information on foods of the spotted seal (Phoca largha) in the Bering Sea in spring. Pages 55–59 in Soviet-American Cooperative Research on Marine Mammals Vol. 1: Pinnipeds, F. H. Fay, and G. A. Fedoseev, eds. NOAA Tech. Rep. NMFS 12.
  • Frost, K. J., and L. F. Lowry. 1984. Trophic relationships of vertebrate consumers in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea. Pages 381–399 in The Alaskan Beaufort Sea - Ecosystems and Environments, P. W. Barnes, D. M. Schell and E. Reimnitz, eds. Academic Press, New York, USA.
  • Hazard, K. W., and L. F. Lowry. 1984. Benthic prey in a Bowhead whale from the northern Bering Sea. 1984. Arctic 37(2):166–168.
  • Lowry, L. F., and F. H. Fay. 1984. Seal eating by walruses in the Bering and Chukchi Seas. 1984. Polar Biology 3(1):11–18.
  • Lowry, L. F., and K. J. Frost. 1984. Foods and feeding of bowhead whales (Balaena mysticetus) in western and northern Alaska. Scientific Reports of the Whales Research Institute 35:1–16.

1983

  • Oliver, J. S., P. N. Slattery, E. F. O'Connor, and L. F. Lowry. 1983. Walrus, Odobenus rosmarus, feeding in the Bering Sea: a benthic perspective. Fishery Bulletin 81(3):501–512.
  • Seaman, G. A., L. F. Lowry, and K. J. Frost. 1982. Foods of belukha whales (Delphinapterus leucas) in western Alaska. Cetology 44:1–19.

1982

  • Pitcher, K. W., and F. H. Fay. 1982. Feeding by Steller sea lions on harbor seals. Murrelet 63(2):70–71.

1981

  • Burns, J. J. 1981. Bearded Seal. Pages 145–170 in S. H. Ridgway, and R. J. Harrison, editors. Handbook of Marine Mammals: Volume 2 Seals. Academic Press, London.
  • Franzmann, A. W., A. Flynn, C. C. Schwartz, D. G. Calkins, and L. Nichols. 1981. Beta-endorphon levels in blood from selected Alaskan mammals. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 17(4):593–596.
  • Frost, K. J. 1981. Descriptive key to the otoliths of Gadid fishes of the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort seas. Arctic 34:55–59.
  • Frost, K. J., and L. F. Lowry. 1981. Foods and trophic relationships of cetaceans in the Bering Sea. Pages 825–836 in The Eastern Bering Sea Shelf: Oceanography and Resources. Vol. 2, D. W. Hood and J. A. Calder, eds. University of Washington Press, Seattle, Washington, USA.
  • Frost, K. J., and L. F. Lowry. 1981. Ringed, Baikal, and Caspian seals. Pages 29-54 in Handbook of Marine Mammals. Vol. 2. Seals, R. J. Harrison, and S. H. Ridgway, eds. Academic Press, London.
  • Frost, K. J., and L. F. Lowry. 1981. Trophic importance of some marine gadids in northern Alaska and their body-otolith size relationships. Fishery Bulletin 79:187–192.
  • Lowry, L. F., and K. J. Frost. 1981. Distribution, growth, and foods of arctic cod (Boreogadus saida) in the Bering, Chukchi, and Beaufort seas. Canadian Field-Naturalist 95:186–191.
  • Lowry, L. F., and K. J. Frost. 1981. Feeding and trophic relationships of phocid seals and walruses in the eastern Bering Sea. Pages 813–824 in The Eastern Bering Sea Shelf: Oceanography and Resources. Vol. 2, D. W. Hood and J. A. Calder, eds. University of Washington Press, Seattle, Washington, USA.
  • Pitcher, K. W. 1981. Prey of the Steller sea lion, Eumetopias jubatus, in the Gulf of Alaska. Fishery Bulletin 79(3):467–472.
  • Pitcher, K. W., and D. C. McAllister. 1981. Movements and haulout behavior of radio-tagged harbor seals, Phoca vitulina. Canadian Field-Naturalist 95(3):292–297.
  • Pitcher, K. W., and D. G. Calkins. 1981. Reproductive biology of Steller sea lions in the Gulf of Alaska. Journal of Mammalogy 62(3):599–605.

1980

  • Frost, K. J., and L. F. Lowry. 1980. Feeding of ribbon seals (Phoca fasciata) in the Bering Sea in spring. Canadian Journal of Zoology 58(9):1601–1607.
  • Lowry, L. F., K. J. Frost, and J. J. Burns. 1980. Feeding of bearded seals in the Bering and Chukchi Seas and trophic interactions with Pacific walruses. Arctic 33(2):330–342.
  • Lowry, L. F., K. J. Frost, and J. J. Burns. 1980. Variability in the diet of ringed seals, Phoca hispida, in Alaska. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 37(12):2254–2261.
  • Lowry, L. F., and J. J. Burns. 1980. Foods utilized by bowhead whales near Barter Island, Alaska, autumn 1979. Marine Fisheries Review 42:88–91.
  • Pitcher, K. W. 1980. Food of the harbor seal, Phoca vitulinarichardsi, in the Gulf of Alaska. Fishery Bulletin 78(2):544–549.
  • Pitcher, K. W. 1980. Stomach contents and feces as indicators of harbor seal, Phoca vitulina, foods in the Gulf of Alaska. Fishery Bulletin 78(3):797–798.

1978

  • Lowry, L. F., K. L. Frost, and J. J. Burns. 1978. Food of ringed seals and bowhead whales near Point Barrow. Canadian Field-Naturalist 92(1):67–70.
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