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Creamer's Field — Migratory Waterfowl Refuge
List of Birds

The following list includes seasonal occurrence of common, uncommon, rare, and casually-seen species found at Creamer's Field Migratory Waterfowl Refuge. Species are grouped in taxonomic order.

LOONS AND GREBES

Common Name Scientific Name Occurrence
common loon Gavia immer migrant
arctic loon Gavia arctica migrant
red-necked grebe Podiceps grisegena breeder
horned grebe Podiceps auritus breeder

CRANES

Common Name Scientific Name Occurrence
common crane Grus grus migrant (rare/accidental)
sandhill crane Grus canadensis breeder

WATERFOWL

Common Name Scientific Name Occurrence
tundra swan Cygnus columbianus migrant
trumpeter swan Cygnus buccinator migrant
greater white-fronted goose Anser albifrons migrant
snow goose Chen caerulescens migrant
Canada goose Branta canadensis migrant, summer visitor
mallard Anas platyrhynchos breeder
gadwall Anas strepera migrant, summer visitor (uncommon)
green-winged teal Anas crecca breeder
American wigeon Anas americana breeder
Eurasian wigeon Anas penelope breeder
northern pintail Anas acuta breeder
northern shoveler Anas clypeata migrant
blue-winged teal Anas discors breeder (uncommon)
canvasback Aythya valisineria migrant
redhead Aythya american migrant
ring-necked duck Aythya collaris migrant
greater scaup Aythya marila breeder
lesser scaup Aythya affinis migrant
white-winged scoter Melanitta fusca migrant
surf scoter Melanitta perspicillata migrant
oldsquaw Clangula hyenemalis migrant
Barrow’s goldeneye Bucephala islandica migrant
common goldeneye Bucephala clangula migrant, summer visitor
bufflehead Bucephala albeola breeder

RAILS

Common Name Scientific Name Occurrence
American coot Fulica americana migrant (rare/accidental)

SHOREBIRDS

Common Name Scientific Name Occurrence
semipalmated plover
blackbellied plover
American (lesser) golden plover
killdeer

Hudsonian godwit
whimbrel
lesser yellowlegs
solitary sandpiper
spotted sandpiper

red-necked (northern) phalarope

upland (plover) sandpiper
white-rumped sandpiper
long-billed dowitcher
common snipe
dunlin
semipalmated sandpiper
western sandpiper
least sandpiper
Baird’s sandpiper
pectoral sandpiper

Charadrius semipalmatus
Pluvialis squatarola
Pluvialis dominica
Charadrius vociferus

Limosa haemastica
Numenius phaeopus
Tringa flavipes
Tringa solitaria
Actitis macularia

Phalaropus lobatus

Bartramia longicauda
Calidris fusicollis
Limnodromus scolopaceus
Gallinago gallinago
Calidris alpina
Calidris pusilla
Calidris mauri
Calidris minutilla
Calidris bairdii
Calidris melanotos

migrant
migrant
migrant
migrant (uncommon)

migrant (rare/accidental)
migrant
breeder
breeder
migrant

migrant

migrant
migrant (rare/accidental)
migrant
breeder
migrant (uncommon)
migrant
migrant (uncommon)
migrant
migrant
migrant

JAEGERS, GULLS, AND TERNS

Common Name Scientific Name Occurrence
long-tailed jaeger

Bonaparte's gull
mew gull
herring gull

arctic tern

Stercorarius longicaudus

Larus philadelphia
Larus canus
Larus argentatus

Sterna paradisaea

migrant

migrant
breeder
migrant

migrant

VULTURES, HAWKS AND FALCONS

Common Name Scientific Name Occurrence
golden eagle
bald eagle
northern harrier

sharp-shinned hawk
northern goshawk

Swainson's hawk
red-tailed (Harlan's) hawk
rough-legged hawk
osprey

American kestrel
merlin
peregrine falcon
gyrfalcon

Aquila chrysaetus
Haliaeetus leucocephalus
Circus cyaneus

Accipiter striatus
Accipiter gentilis

Buteo swainsoni
Buteo jamaicensis
Buteo lagopus
Pandion haliaetus

Falco sparverius
Falco columbarius
Falco peregrinus
Falco rusticolus

migrant
migrant
breeder

breeder
resident

migrant (summer visitor)
breeder
migrant
migrant

breeder
migrant
migrant
migrant

GALLINACEOUS BIRDS

Common Name Scientific Name Occurrence
spruce grouse
ruffed grouse
sharp-tailed grouse
rock ptarmigan
willow ptarmigan
Dendragopus canadensis
Bonasa umbellus
Tympanuchus phasianellus
Lagopus mutus
Lagopus lagopus
resident
resident
resident
winter visitor
winter visitor

PIGEONS AND DOVES

Common Name Scientific Name Occurrence
rock dove (pigeon)
mourning dove
Columba livia
Zenaida macroura
resident (introduced species)
migrant (rare/accidental)

OWLS

Common Name Scientific Name Occurrence
short-eared owl
great horned owl
great gray owl
snowy owl
northern hawk owl
boreal owl
Asio flammeus
Bubo virginianus
Strix nebulosa
Nyctea scandiaca
Surnia ulula
Aegolius funereus
resident
migrant, winter visitor (uncommon)
resident
resident (uncommon)
breeder
resident

GOATSUCKERS

Common Name Scientific Name Occurrence
common nighthawk Chordeiles minor migrant (rare/accidental)

HUMMINGBIRDS

Common Name Scientific Name Occurrence
rufous hummingbird Selasphorus rufus summer visitor

KINGFISHERS

Common Name Scientific Name Occurrence
belted kingfisher Ceryle alcyon visitor

WOODPECKERS

Common Name Scientific Name Occurrence
northern flicker
downy woodpecker
hairy woodpecker
three-toed woodpecker
black-backed woodpecker
Colaptes auratus
Picoides pubescens
Picoides villosus
Picoides tridactylus
Picoides arcticus
breeder
resident
resident
resident
resident

PERCHING BIRDS

Common Name Scientific Name Occurrence
olive-sided flycatcher
western wood-pewee
Hammond's flycatcher
Say’s phoebe
alder flycatcher

horned lark

tree swallow
violet-green swallow
bank swallow
cliff swallow
barn swallow

gray jay
black-billed magpie
common raven
Clark's nutcracker

black-capped chickadee
gray-headed chickadee
boreal chickadee
brown creeper

ruby-crowned kinglet
Townsend’s solitaire
Swainson's thrush
gray-cheeked thrush
hermit thrush
varied thrush
American robin
northern wheatear
mountain bluebird

Contopus borealis
Contopus sordidulus
Empidonax hammondii
Sayornis saya
Empidonax alnorum

Eremophila alpestris

Tachycineta bicolor
Tachycineta thalassina
Riparia riparia
Hirundo pyrrhonota
Hirundo rustica

Perisoreus canadensis
Pica pica
Corvus corax
Nucifraga columbiana

Parus atricapillus
Parus cinctus
Parus hudsonicus
Certhia americana

Regulus calendula
Myadestes townsendi
Catharus ustulatus
Catharus minima
Catharus guttata
Ixoreus naevius
Turdus migratorius
Oenanthe oenanthe
Sialia currucoides

breeder
breeder
breeder
breeder
breeder

migrant

breeder
breeder
migrant, summer visitor
breeder
breeder

resident
visitor
resident
fall visitor (rare/accidental)

resident
winter visitor (uncommon)
resident
resident (uncommon)

breeder
migrant (uncommon)
breeder
breeder
breeder
breeder
breeder
migrant
migrant, summer visitor (rare/uncommon)

northern shrike

American (water) pipit

bohemian waxwing

European starling

orange-crowned warbler
arctic warbler
yellow-rumped warbler
Townsend’s warbler
blackpoll warbler
yellow warbler
Wilson's warbler
northern waterthrush
savannah sparrow
dark-eyed junco
white-crowned sparrow
golden-crowned sparrow
chipping sparrow
American tree sparrow
fox sparrow
Lincoln's sparrow
lapland longspur
snow bunting
rosy finch

rusty blackbird

pine siskin
white-winged crossbill
pine grosbeak
common redpoll
hoary redpoll

Lanius excubitor

Anthus rubescens

Bombycilla garrulus

Sturnus vulgaris

Vermivora celata
Phylloscopus borealis
Dendroica coronata
Dendroica townsendi
Dendroica striata
Dendroica petechia
Wilsonia pusilla
Seiurus noveboracensis
Passerculus sandwichensis
Junco hyemalis
Zonotrichia leucophrys
Zonotrichia atricapilla
Spizella passerina
Spizella arborea
Passerella iliaca
Melospiza lincolnii
Calcarius lapponicus
Plectrophenax nivalis
Leucosticte arctoa

Euphagus carolinus

Carduelis pinus
Loxia leucoptera
Pinicola enucleator
Carduelis flammea
Carduelis hornemanni

resident

migrant

breeder, winter visitor

breeder (rare/accidental)

breeder
migrant
breeder
fall visitor
breeder
breeder
breeder
breeder
breeder
breeder
breeder
migrant (uncommon)
breeder (uncommon)
breeder
breeder
breeder
migrant
migrant
migrant

breeder

summer/fall visitor
resident
resident
resident
migrant, visitor

Also, see mammals of Creamer's Field.