Management of Steller’s eiders falls under the jurisdiction of the US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). Management by the USFWS is governed by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. Sport hunting for this species was closed in 1991. Subsistence hunting is also closed. The Steller’s eider is also protected under the Endangered Species Act.
The USFWS, in cooperation with the North Slope Borough, has developed an education and outreach program designed to protect Steller’s eiders on the breeding grounds. Fox control has also been implemented near Barrow in order to improve nesting success. Regulators are also protecting Steller’s eiders on the wintering grounds by reviewing development plans.