Alaska Department of Fish and Game
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Living With Bats
Single bat in houses or other buildings
Usually when a bat gets into your house it is because a window or door was left open. As long as no direct human contact with the bat has occurred it can be released outdoors. It will usually leave on its own as long as a window or door is open. If it doesn’t leave you can safely capture and release it by the following steps:
- Wear leather gloves.
- Wait until the bat lands.
- With a small container cover the bat,
- Slip a piece of cardboard between the wall and the container, the bat should drop into the container.
- Wait until evening then take it outdoors and release it.
- If the bat doesn’t fly out of the container- gently tip it out of the container in a safe place, out of the way of predators.
- Watch Bat Conservation international’s video on how to remove your bat.
Please fill out our Bat Observation Report Form (Word doc 252 kB) so we can document your bats in our statewide database.
Bat Colony In Your House
Human health is not generally at risk from bats in Alaska, although sometimes noise and/or odors from large colonies of bats can become a nuisance. If you have a large colony in your house it is likely a maternity roost.
If a colony of bats in your house has become a nuisance, convincing them to leave can be difficult. Deterrents such as mothballs and ultrasonic devices do not work. Using pesticides and poisons on bats is illegal, and also increases the likelihood of having dead bats decomposing in your house and also increases the chance of bat exposure to humans and/or pets.
Eradication (killing) of bats is governed by Alaska statutes, and under many cases can actually be illegal in Alaska. However, killing bats is not the only option: it may cause further harm to your property, and is not a permanent solution. Exclusion is the ONLY effective solution for permanently removing bats from buildings.
You can call a licensed professional or you can follow the “do-it-yourself” approach to excluding bats from your house. We recommend hiring a professional because they are licensed, experienced, and can keep you from accidentally straying outside of Alaska statutes. Excluding maternity roosts in Alaska should be done in late September or early October, when the pups are old enough to leave the roost and forage with the females.
Both professionals and do it yourself bat exclusion involves the following series of steps:
- Conduct a little "stakeout" of your place from dusk into nightfall.
- Look for bats flying around, trace their flight lines to and from your building.
- If they are roosting you may be able to find where their entrance(s) are.
- If you find an entrance, watch it for a few evenings to get an estimate of the number of bats.
- Find as many entrances in your house as you can before you start.
- Once you’ve determined the locations of entrances cover each with a one-way bat exclusion device. This is a device that allows bats to leave the building, but not return.
- Seal all other opening along your roof-line, attic, or other areas near exclusion devices.
- Leave your bat exclusion devices in place for a minimum of seven days to make sure all the bats have left.
- You can now remove the exclusion devices and permanently seal the entrances.
Depending on what you decide to do about your bats this summer, your little colony may be of interest to us as part of an ongoing study on bat hibernation and migration. We know of only a handful of summer roosts in Alaska; most are in buildings. We track summer roosts through the fall to determine when the bats leave or if they remain in place over winter. Let us know if you are interested in having your building included in this study. If you have any more questions don't hesitate to contact us. Also please keep us posted on how you choose to resolve your "bat issue" and what your final outcome is.
For information on constructing one-way bat exclusion devices see:
Please contact an ADF&G biologist for more information: