Alaska Fish & Wildlife News
Simple Smoked Salmon
This is a good, economical, easy and fairly quick method for preparing smoked salmon. The key is dry brining and letting the surface of the fish dry well before you smoke it.
With your average coho or sockeye, this will provide nice, thick chunks of oily smoked salmon (the thick parts of the filets), and drier, thinner pieces (the section near the tail). I cut the thicker fillets lengthwise through the meat, but not through the skin, so the meat is scored and the dry brine and air can penetrate.
I never liked brining fish overnight in big bowls of slimy soy sauce flavored salt-and-sugar water. Dry brining fish is neater, faster and more efficient. For a batch, I use two cups of salt and two cups of brown or white sugar. I grind about four tablespoons of whole cloves and a big handful of bay leaves and mix this in with the sugar and salt. Dump it in a bowl and then dredge the washed fillets. You can substitute your own spice preferences, or add any other dry spices. I keep it simple.
Some folks recommend putting the salted fish on racks to drip, others layer them in a bowl or container. I’ve tried both and I don’t think it matters, the bowl is much neater and easier. It’s amazing how much liquid that dry brine pulls out of the fish – in about 45 minutes the fish will be immersed. That’s about all the time you need. The time depends on the fish and your taste, but leaving the dry brine on for too long can make the fish too salty.
Rinse the fish well and put it on racks to dry, so the surface is dry to the touch and shiny. You want a pellicle or skin to form on the surface. I use a fan and dry the fish overnight before placing in the smoker. I smoke with green alder and wrap an old blanket around the “Little Chief” to keep the smoke in. My new "Big Chief" works considerably faster, especially with drier chips. Smoking time varies from two or three hours to six or seven hours, depending on your smoker and the wood you use, so keep an eye on your fish. If you consistently use the same smoker and wood, you'll get a sense after a few batches how much time is required.
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