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Wildlife Action Plan
View the Plan

Alaska’s Wildlife Action Plan is available below as individual PDF files for viewing. Due to the large size of the document, individual plan sections are in separate files that can be accessed from the Table of Contents below.

Main Documents

Individual Plan Sections

Acknowledgements (PDF 50 kB)

Executive Summary (PDF 70 kB)

  • Introduction
  • Purpose and Scope
  • Developing the Strategy
  • Value of Conserving All Wildlife-Nongame as Well as Game
  • Common Themes
  • Primary Recommendations: Alaska's Greatest Wildlife Conservation Needs
  • Investing Today for a Legacy of Diversity and Abundance

Table of Contents (PDF 35 kB)

  1. Introduction (PDF 72 kB)
    • Impetus for Improved Wildlife Conservation
    • Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategies
    • Alaska's Strategy: Comprehensive and Collaborative
    • Partnering to Implement the Strategy
    • Species of Greatest Conservation Need: The "Featured Species" and "Key Habitats" Approach
  2. Methodology and Approach (PDF 141 kB)
    1. Project Management Structure and Planning Focus
    2. Public and Agency Involvement
    3. Strategy Development
      Review of Existing Plans and Efforts
      Nominee Species List
      Species Selection Criteria
      Draft "Featured Species" List
      Expert Group Meetings and Products
      Peer and Technical Review
      Habitats Review
    4. Development of Summary Products
      Species of Greatest Conservation Need
      List of Primary Recommendations
    5. Participants
  3. Overview of Alaska
    1. Sociological Framework: Demography and Use of Fish and Wildlife (PDF 254 kB)
      People of the Land
      Land Status
      Use of Fish and Wildlife
      Legal Basis for Conservation
    2. Ecological Framework: The Lands and Waters that Produce Our Fish and Wildlife (PDF 3,496 kB)
      Introduction: Alaska's 32 Ecoregions
      Polar Arctic Tundra
      Beaufort Coastal Plain
      Brooks Foothills
      Brooks Range
      Bering Taiga
      Nulato Hills
      Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta
      Ahklun Mountains
      Bristol Bay Lowlands
      Bering Tundra
      Kotzebue Sound Lowlands
      Seward Peninsula
      Bering Sea Islands
      Intermontane Boreal
      Kuskokwim Mountains
      Yukon River Lowlands
      Kobuk Ridges and Valleys
      Ray Mountains
      Tanana-Kuskokwim Lowlands
      Yukon-Tanana Uplands
      Yukon-Old Crow Basin
      Davidson Mountains
      North Ogilvie Mountains
      Alaska Range Transition
      Lime Hills
      Cook Inlet Basin
      Alaska Range
      Copper River Basin
      Aleutian Meadows
      Aleutian Islands
      Alaska Peninsula
      Coastal Mountains Transition
      Wrangell Mountains
      Kluane Range
      Coastal Rain Forests
      Kodiak Island
      Gulf of Alaska Coast
      Chugach-St. Elias Mountains
      Northern Coast Mountains
      Alexander Archipelago
  4. Challenges for Wildlife and Fish Conservation (PDF 276 kB)
    1. The Changing Natural World
      Climate Change
      Tectonic and Isostatic Uplift
      Vulnerability of Species with Restricted or Limited Distributions
    2. Lack of Shared Information and Understanding
      Lack of Information about Species or Habitats
      Lack of Spatial Data, Data Systems, and Compatible Terms
      Insufficient Public Understanding About Fish and Wildlife Needs
    3. Humans as Elements in the Ecosystem (PDF 899 kB)
      Industrial and Community Development
      Increased Access and Disturbance
      Introduced, Nonindigenous, and Invasive Species
      Unknown/Unrecorded Level of Human Use
    4. Maintaining Existing Conservation Areas (PDF 285 kB)
      State Special Areas
      Needs and Opportunities
  5. Conservation Action Plans (PDF 51 kB)
  6. Some Key Habitats of Featured Species (PDF 41 kB)
  7. Primary Recommendations: Alaska's Greatest Wildlife Conservation Needs (PDF 42 kB)
  8. Monitoring of Species and Habitats (PDF 164 kB)
    1. Ecosystem Monitoring
    2. Collaboration
    3. Summary
  9. Strategy Monitoring (PDF 136 kB)
    1. Evaluation and Reporting
    2. Adaptive Management
  10. Implementation (PDF 41 kB)
  11. Strategy Review and Revision (PDF 55 kB)
  12. Glossary (PDF 59 kB)
  13. Acronyms (PDF 26 kB)
  14. Appendices
    1. Appendix 1. Vertebrate Species of Alaska (PDF 273 kB)
    2. Appendix 2. Road Map to the Eight Required CWCS Elements (PDF 70 kB)
    3. Appendix 3. List of Featured Species and Groups (PDF 101 kB)
    4. Appendix 4. Conservation Action Plans
      1. Introduction (PDF 50 kB)
      2. Table of Contents (PDF 35 kB)
      3. Marine Invertebrates (PDF 197 kB)
      4. Freshwater Invertebrates (PDF 161 kB)
      5. Terrestrial Invertebrates (PDF 69 kB)
      6. Marine Fish (PDF 92 kB)
      7. Freshwater Fish (PDF 197 kB)
      8. Native Amphibians (PDF 160 kB)
      9. Reptiles (PDF 36 kB)
      10. Waterfowl (PDF 71 kB)
      11. Waterbirds (PDF 127 kB)
      12. Seabirds (PDF 1,579 kB)
      13. Raptors (PDF 165 kB)
      14. Shorebirds (PDF 1,052 kB)
      15. Landbirds (PDF 247 kB)
      16. Terrestrial Mammals (PDF 436 kB)
      17. Marine Mammals (PDF 186 kB)
    5. Appendix 5. Key Habitats of Featured Species
      1. Forest Habitats (PDF 1,862 kB)
      2. Tundra Habitats (PDF 208 kB)
      3. Wetland Habitats (PDF 384 kB)
      4. Marine and Coastline Habitats (PDF 433 kB)
      5. Sea Ice Habitats (PDF 59 kB)
      6. Karst Cave Habitats (PDF 755 kB)
      7. Aquatic Habitats (PDF 526 kB)
    6. Appendix 6. Public Comment Summary -- 2003 and 2005 (PDF 47 kB)
    7. Appendix 7. Nominee Species List (PDF 156 kB)
    8. Appendix 8. List of Planning Participants and Contributing Authors (PDF 140 kB)
    9. Appendix 9. Alaska's Population by Community and Ecoregion (PDF 87 kB)
    10. Appendix 10. Alaska's Special Areas: Management Planning Status (PDF 40 kB)